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Ogier provides practical advice on BVI, Cayman Islands, Guernsey, Irish, Jersey and Luxembourg law through our global network of offices across the Asian, Caribbean and European timezones. Ogier is the only firm to advise on this unique combination of laws.

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Snapshot: are electronically signed documents valid in the BVI?


16 February 2022

British Virgin Islands


An electronic signature will generally be legally effective to conclude a simple contract from a BVI law perspective, so long as:

  1. for a BVI company, there are no restrictions on the use of electronic signatures in its constitutional documents (this is particularly relevant when a company had old or outdated constitutional documents)
  2. the governing law of the document in question (if not BVI law governed) permits electronic signatures and doesn’t otherwise contain restrictions on the type of document that can be signed by way of electronic signature
  3. there is nothing in the contractual terms themselves that prohibit electronic signatures
  4. such electronic signature is applied with the requisite intent and appropriate authority

The exceptions to the general ability of electronic signatures to validly bind a BVI company are:

  1. in relation to BVI law governed deeds, which will require wet ink signatures/original seals (not electronic)
  2. in relation to foreign law governed deeds which laws statutorily provide that execution formalities in the jurisdiction of incorporation of the signing company will need to be followed in order to be valid – in such instances, it is arguable that BVI law would apply as if the deed was a BVI law governed deed, in which case wet ink signatures/original seals (not electronic) will be required.

It should be noted that section 103(4C) of the BVI Business Companies Act, 2004 should allow a previously wet inked signed page to be validly electronically attached to a final document (whether or not a deed) under appropriate authority of the BVI company.

For more information on this topic please contact our BVI corporate team.

About Ogier

Ogier is a professional services firm with the knowledge and expertise to handle the most demanding and complex transactions and provide expert, efficient and cost-effective services to all our clients. We regularly win awards for the quality of our client service, our work and our people.


This client briefing has been prepared for clients and professional associates of Ogier. The information and expressions of opinion which it contains are not intended to be a comprehensive study or to provide legal advice and should not be treated as a substitute for specific advice concerning individual situations.

Regulatory information can be found under Legal Notice

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