Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility


Big things are happening at Ogier. Change is embedded in everything we do. It is redefining our talent, our ways of working, our platforms of delivery, our culture.



We have the expertise to handle the most demanding transactions. Our commercial understanding and experience of working with leading financial institutions, professional advisers and regulatory bodies means we add real value to clients’ businesses.

View all services

Business Services Team

View all Business Services Team


Our sector approach relies on smart collaboration between teams who have a deep understanding of related businesses and industry dynamics. The specific combination of our highly informed experts helps our clients to see around corners.

View all sectors


Ogier provides practical advice on BVI, Cayman Islands, Guernsey, Irish, Jersey and Luxembourg law through our global network of offices across the Asian, Caribbean and European timezones. Ogier is the only firm to advise on this unique combination of laws.

News and insights

Keep up to date with industry insights, analysis and reviews. Find out about the work of our expert teams and subscribe to receive our newsletters straight to your inbox.

Fresh thinking, sharper opinion.

About us

We get straight to the point, managing complexity to get to the essentials. Our global network of offices covers every time zone. 

No Content Set

Focus on fraud and asset tracing: tips for dealing with allegations of fraud


16 January 2024

Cayman Islands

3 min read

Fraud is, thankfully, rare and suspicions or allegations of fraud are typically as unexpected as they are unwelcome. When allegations are made it is important that directors are equipped to respond quickly and effectively.

Below are our top tips for how to manage a situation involving fraud or suspicion of fraud in a fund context.

Fraud/alleged fraud in the fund's underlying portfolio

Seek advice

It is important for directors to seek advice at an early stage so that an effective and proportionate strategy can be formulated to deal with any allegations and the consequences. The priorities will be to investigate, prevent further losses, avoid a "run on the bank", and ensure that all creditors and investors are treated fairly.

Crystallise each investor's exposure

Where the fraud or alleged fraud has occurred in an underlying asset, the fund could look to isolate that asset and crystallise each investor’s exposure. This can enable the fund to avoid a wholesale suspension whilst it investigates the allegations. Depending on the terms of the fund documents this can be effected by way of side pocket, a liquidating trust, liquidating account or liquidating special purpose vehicle.

Document each decision

If allegations of fraud are made, each step in the investigation should be documented, including the rationale and decision making process lying behind it, with a conscious appreciation that all actions (and any omissions) taken in response to the fraud may later be put before, and scrutinised by, a court or any liquidators appointed over the fund.

Fraud/alleged fraud perpetrated by an investment manager

Discovery of fraud is more common when the fund (and by its extension its shareholders) suffers loss. If allegations of fraud are made against an investment manager it will be important for the fund to investigate the allegations quickly and independently (for example through the appointment of an  independent forensic investigation firm), particularly where one or more of the directors is an investment manager appointed director which is commonly the case . It is important in this context for directors to seek legal advice regarding their common law and fiduciary duties to a fund, particularly given that director duties are not codified in legislation in the Cayman Islands.  

It is also important for the fund to review the exculpation and indemnification clauses in any investment management agreement which usually indemnify the investment manager for any act or omission taken in connection with the conduct of affairs of the fund. Depending on the exact drafting of the indemnity and exculpation provisions, it may be that unless and until a final determination is made by a court that the investment manager was not entitled to indemnification (generally as a result of fraud, gross negligence or wilful misconduct), the fund is liable to pay the costs of the investment manager in defending any allegations of fraud.

A review of the fund's constitutional documents will also allow legal counsel to advise on the powers of the fund including in particular:

  1. the ability to suspend redemptions and subscriptions;
  2. the ability to suspend calculation of NAV; and
  3. the ability to delay payment of redemption proceeds.

Whether any of the above powers can or should be used will depend on the facts of each case. Any exercise of power should be properly documented (for example through a resolution) clearly explaining the reasons an action was taken and providing notice of the same to shareholders, and if applicable the regulator, as soon as practicable.  The fund should also consider any suspicious activity reporting obligations that may be required to be made to the Cayman Islands Financial reporting Authority, depending on the facts.

It is important to note that indefinite suspension may leave the fund exposed to shareholder or creditor action, particularly in circumstances where a suspension tends to be the first step on the road to liquidation.


Directors may wish to receive advice regarding whether or not to resign from the fund upon the discovery of a fraud. While it is generally tempting for directors to seek to distance themselves from the fund there are four principal reasons why resignation may not actually be the best option: (a) first, resigning will not preclude claims being brought against a director if claims are brought against the rest of the board; (b) second, resigning will make it harder for a director to enforce any indemnification and exculpation rights; (c) third, staying on the board during a time of crisis may enhance the director's reputation in the market; and (d) remaining on the board allows the director to continue their involvement in strategy including, if necessary on the choice of a liquidator.

Consider the continued engagement of the manager

A fund may need to investigate urgently and consider appointing a forensic accountant to review the investment manager's actions and, depending on their initial findings, consider taking steps to appoint someone to take over provisional management of the assets. Consideration will need to be given to the terms of the fund documents as to the power to terminate an investment management agreement and the ancillary consequences of such a step – including a review of side letter terms.


In summary, a fund and its directors should seek advice from counsel as soon as possible with respect to powers available under the fund documents to protect the assets and the fund.

Where allegations have been made against the fund or its service providers, consider suspension and the appointment of  a forensic accountant to investigate without delay and most importantly, contemporaneously document each step taken throughout the process.

About Ogier

Ogier is a professional services firm with the knowledge and expertise to handle the most demanding and complex transactions and provide expert, efficient and cost-effective services to all our clients. We regularly win awards for the quality of our client service, our work and our people.


This client briefing has been prepared for clients and professional associates of Ogier. The information and expressions of opinion which it contains are not intended to be a comprehensive study or to provide legal advice and should not be treated as a substitute for specific advice concerning individual situations.

Regulatory information can be found under Legal Notice

No Content Set